Three out of ten adults will develop thread, spider, or thread veins during their lifetime. This ailment is found mostly in women and therefore one of the biggest problems associated with this is the appearance of the legs. The swollen superficial veins under the skin create a lumpy texture of a dark blue or purple nature in legs, calves and sometimes the thighs that is unsightly.
Blood flowing from the heart and up and down the legs is regulated by a series of valves in the veins. A second blood system flows from the deep veins to the surface ones beneath the skin. However, occasionally the valves do not function well and then blood pooling occurs. There are clinics such as Nori Michigan Vein Clinic that offer methods to correct this problem.
The causes of the problem and how it develops is not fully understood. It may be that the person has thin vein walls that lead to the controlling valves separating and creating blood pooling. Older persons, pregnant women, and overweight people are more prone to this because of the increased pressure on the veins.
Lumpy areas on legs, dark blue or purple knots, itchy or restless legs, swelling of ankles are just a few of the symptoms that one may experience. Consulting a doctor at this stage would be advisable as this may be a sign of some other disease. This is not something to ignore as varicose veins do not go away unless they are treated. By ignoring the problem one may create further complications such as sore reddening from inflamed areas, excessive bleeding when bumped, permanent brown spots from varicose eczema and venous ulcers.
To diagnose this complaint is easy and the doctor will need to examine the legs as well. It is always a good idea to give the practitioner one’s full medical history. In severe one will be referred to a specialist in blood vessels, known as a vascular surgeon, who may also require a duplex ultra sound to check the blood flow and absence of blood clots.
Today’s technological advances have brought about a number of alternative options when looking for a cure that are less invasive and leave little or no scars. Compression stockings, laser therapy, injections, radio frequency that heats up the damaged vein and tightens it around the valve for better functionality, as well as herbal ointments all have a role to play in improving this problem. In the most severe cases surgery is still used where complete vein removal takes place.
There are many things one needs to take into consideration when one has a tendency and family history of this type of vein disorder. Avoid work that requires long periods of standing or sitting. Flying represents problems for people who have previously suffered a blood clot, are overweight, or already suffer from inflamed veins.